- The Andean Foods
- Classification of Andean Foods:
- Andean Tubers
- Pseudocereals (Food of the future)
- Andean Legumes
- Andean and Wild Fruits
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The Andean Foods
The Andean Foods by their natural cultivation are totally Super Natural and Healthy foods, unlike other foods they have higher levels of nutrients compared to natural foods, with high levels of vitamins, proteins, minerals, amino acids, etc. Thanks to the puna agro ecology, Andean Foods consume the nutrients of the virgin lands of the Andes
In the Andean Communities, food is made up of vegetables, tubers, grains and other Andean foods, and their diet is made up of animal protein, that is, they consume alpaca, goat, lamb, beef, etc. Animals that are raised in the Andes by the same people.
In the countries that have Andean Zones and have the possibility of cultivating the Andean Foods, such as Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Mexico. The consumption of these foods is promoted due to their high levels of proteins, vitamins, minerals and nutrients, in order to avoid feeding problems such as Anemia, as well as making them aware that they are natural and good for health.
Are Andean Foods organic foods?
The Andean Foods are cultivated in natural areas and land rich in nutrients, these do not contain chemical compounds or contaminants, on the contrary, only natural fertilizers and previous care are used. It is an agro-ecological production that owes its flavor, color and natural texture, and the nutrients it absorbs from the Andean Soils.
They are foods recognized worldwide highlighting their high nutritional value, natural and ecological cultivation, ensuring that the Andean Foods are Organic Food are 100% Organic Foods.
Classification of Andean Foods:
They are food that grow in the Central Andes of America, and countries that have Andean Zones, the tuber is the stem or root that grows underground, where they accumulate nutrients from the Andean soil, are used for human consumption and have been domesticated food since years ago
This type of Andean Foods are also known as the Buried Treasures of Nature, due to their great importance in ancient civilizations and a great food heritage of the Incas and Aztecs.
There are two types of tubers: root tuber are those that grow in large quantities by a single branch, and stem tubers are those that grow 1 exemplary branch or stem.
Characteristics of the tubers
The main characteristic is that they are foods that grow under the earth reaching to produce several roots, between their functions is to absorb the minerals and liquids of the earth, and to provide the growth to the plant and to anchor it to the earth.
The cultivation of tubers throughout the world is due to its excellent source of carbohydrates (starch). On the other hand, the characteristics of the tubers vary among colors, flavors and smells.
Nutritional properties of the Andean tubers
Tubers are a great source of nutrients, minerals and vitamins good for health, they are also free of fat and cholesterol; Being an excellent source of dietary fiber very rich in Vitamins B and C and antioxidants, they have also been considered as the foods with the highest content of beta-carotene.
The tubers of stem and root are an excellent source of energy (carbohydrates), but poor in amino acids, with these the nutritional properties contained in the Andean Tubers are well valued in the communities of the Andes and is being recognized by the world, being Andean, natural, healthy and organic foods.
Benefits of the Andean tubers
The Andean Tubers have a series of benefits, among the most important we have:
- They prevent hypertension.
- Combat and prevent anemia
- Combat and prevent free radicals
- Improves the functioning of the heart.
Pseudocereals (Food of the future)
Pseudocereals are seeds similar to cereals, have a value index of nutrients higher than cereals and gluten-free. They are well valued in the communities of the Andes and recognized worldwide, for their high nutrient composition, and for being natural, healthy and organic foods.
The Pseudorecerales are cultivated more than 7000 years ago by our ancestors the Incas, Mayas and Aztecs. They have been a fundamental food in the diet of our ancestors for their nutritional properties and benefits, and now in ours it is a food heritage left by our ancestors.
Nutritional Properties of Pseudocereals
Pseudocereals are a greater source of higher quality proteins than cereal, the fiber content is higher, practically multiplies the nutritional values of cereals and other foods. They also have bioactive compounds, as antioxidants rich in lysine and mitionin.
The Pseudocereals are considered as the food of the future for its high nutritional value, for this reason NASA has included it in the diet of astronauts such as Quinoa, Kiwicha and cañihua are some of the foods consumed by these venerable men, also worth noting which are easy digestion.
What are the benefits of Pseudocereals?
The Pseudocereals have a series of benefits, among the most important we have:
- Prevents cardiovascular diseases.
- Combat and prevent anemia.
- It helps you lose weight.
- Regulates cholesterol levels.
The Andean Legumes are the Seeds of the plants, they are a great source of proteins and are part of the diet of the Andean communities. It is also consumed by the world population but in low quantities, they are cultivated in the low valleys and collected by the same farmers at harvest time.
Historical representations have shown that legumes were present in the diet of our ancestors “Mayan, Inca and Aztec”, has an age more than 5000 years, and were shaped in textiles and ceramics. The Andean Legumes are considered worldwide as foods with high nutritional values and because they are natural and healthy foods.
Nutritional Properties of Andean Legumes
For its nutritional values the Andean Legumes have been a food grown for centuries by our ancestors, the following nutritional values of the legumes are highlighted: Proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates, lipids, fiber, iron, minerals and very rich in amino acids.
The legumes are concentrated of proteins and vegetable fats, they can be climbers, shrubs or trees. It should be noted that there is a distinction of nutritional values for two types of legumes:
- Fresh legumes contain between 9% to 11% of proteins, is considered as Vegetable (Group A = phosphate)
- Dried legumes contain between 20% to 56% of proteins, it is considered as Protein (Group C = nitrogen).
What are the benefits of Andean pulses?
The Andean Legumes have a series of benefits, among the most important we have:
- It helps control weight
- Control blood pressure
- Increase enzymatic activity
- Balances the endocrine system
Andean and Wild Fruits
The Andean Fruits grow in the valleys and altiplano of the sierra with soil rich in nutrients. They are cultivated and harvested by the same settlers, generally has a sweet-acidual flavor, intense aroma and pleasant flavor, mostly usually consumed in its fresh state and a smaller part in a dry state.
The Wild Fruits grow in the Amazonian areas and the lakes of the Amazonian sierra and the jungle. Generally these types of fruits grow naturally without any cultivation or some care, the inhabitants usually collect it, there are fruits that need a crop and care for maturity and harvest. In both cases, the fruit absorbs nutrients from Amazonian soils.
The Andean and Wild Fruits are foods with rich in nutrients, most of these are not well known, have a great potential that can be well exploited, taking into account that they are natural foods and saludas, and 100% organic without any compound chemical or pesticides.
Nutritional Properties of Andean and Wild Fruits
The nutritional value of the Andean and Wild Fruits depend a lot on the type of fruit and the ripening, the fresh fruits are mostly composed of water between 80% and 95%, being rich in fiber, vitamins, proteins, minerals, carbohydrates, and They are a good source of energy. On the other hand, nuts, which have less than 50% being rich in fats, amino acids and proteins.
An important fact is that both fresh and dried fruits do not contain saturated fats, it should be noted that each fruit maintains the level of different nutritional values and its nutritional values are above traditional Fruits.
What are the benefits of Andean and wild fruits?
The Andean and Wild Fruits have a series of benefits, among the most important we have:
- They prevent cardiovascular problems.
- Combats and prevents cell aging.
- Helps to satisfy hunger for longer.
- It improves the digestive system and accelerates the metabolism.
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