Altramuz Or Tarwi

What is the Altramuz?

The Altramuz is a legume that grows in the Andean areas, is characterized by its high content in proteins reaching to replace the meat and recommended for its benefits to vegetarians or vegans, also known as Chocho, Andean Lupine, Chuchus Muti or Lupine, currently present in the Andean gastronomy and in countries such as South America.

The Tarwi is the legume with less carbohydrates and greater proteins compared to other legumes, reaching to raise the interest of European countries, and foreigners, with scientific name lupinus mutabilis.

Tarwi ceviche alimentos andinos orgánicos

It is a native species of the Andes an Andean food that does not contain chemical compounds or fertilizers, maintains a natural growth, which makes it a totally organic food

If you want to know everything about the Tarwi or Altramuz, here you will have all the necessary information to continue discovering more of this powerful legume.

You might be interested: The best Peruvian chefs (Spanish).

Origin and Cultivation of Altramuz

The origin of the Tarwi is of origin of the Andes of Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia, being cultivated and consumed since the pre-Inca times, traces and representation of the seeds and the legume of the Tarwi or Lupino have been found, by the Nazca Culture (100 a 800 AD) and Tiahuanaco (800 to 1000 AD), considered a protean heritage by the Incas.

If you have asked yourself, Where is Tarwi or Choho grown and grown?

It is cultivated in the countries of Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia, mainly in Cajamarca, Anchas, Ayacucho, Cuzco and Puno, Peruvian departments, at heights between 2000 and 3800 meters above sea level, generally in cold and temperate climates, in sandy soils and clayey acid temperatures. between 12º to 20ºC, and are usually cultivated from September to October to take advantage of the rainy months.

The production areas of the Tarwi or Chocho legume in Peru:

  • In the Sierra Norte: 23% (Cajamarca, La Libertad and the Amazon).
  • The Central Sierra: 42% (Ancash, Huánuco and Junín)
  • In the Sierra Sur: 35% (Cuzco, Puno and Apurimac)

Tarwi planta cultivo alimentos andinos orgánicos

Characteristics and Types of Altramuz

The plant of the Tarwi or Choco, is herbaceous of erect and annual growth, being outstanding by its high levels of proteins and it develops in temperate valleys and high Andean areas very resistant to the attack of insects,

Characteristics of the plant: semi-woody and cylindrical woody stem, with an approximate height between 1.5 and 1.8 meters high, with oval and lanceated flowers from blue to purple, contains 6 seeds per pod, and of pivoting root.

The fruit is an elongated pod of 5 to 12 cm, has between 3 to 8 oval grains, which are the Tarwi or Altramuz, are usually different colors from pure white to black, but mostly cream white.

The adaptation of the Tarwi or Altramuz in the Andes has made it adopt 3 eco-types or subspecies, among which we have.

  • Chocho, they grow in Ecuador and northern Peru, they have thick leaves and stems, bigger branch, very late; some species behave as bio-annuals and are tolerant to anthracnose. (Lupinus mutabilis)
  • Tarwi grow in the center and south of Peru, has little branching, regularly late, somewhat tolerant to anthracnose. (Lupinus mutabilis)
  • Tauri grow in the altiplano of Peru and Bolivia, is the species with smaller size between 1.0 to 1.40 meters with a developed main stem, very precocious, susceptible to anthracnose. (Lupinus mutabilis)

Tarwi chocho 1 alimentos andinos orgánicos

Nutritional properties of Altramuz

The nutritional properties of Tarwi or Altramuz is based is a rich source of proteins between 39 and 50% depending on the varieties per 100 grams, higher than Soy (36%), Quinoa (14%) and kiwicha (13%) .

In fats it contains between 20 and 25%, essentially unsaturated fatty acids of a quality similar to that of peanuts, so that edible oil can be obtained.

The lupine contains iron and fiber, similarly it has healthy fats similar to olive oil, studies show that our ancestors have taken advantage of the nutritional properties of this food, being a nutritional heritage.

According to the nutritional value of Tarwi or lupine is rich in lysine, pectin, minerals such as iron, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, sodium, vitamins A, B, E, among others. With a higher energy value than some Pseudocereals.

Also the Andean Lupine has a protein called Gamma Conglutin, and has a higher amount of carbohydrates compared to other legumes.

Tarwi Nutritional Table for every 100 grams

  • Energy              —————> 119 Kcal
  • Water                —————> 11.7 gr
  • Protein              —————> 42.20%
  • Fat                    —————> 16, gr
  • Carbohydrates  —————> 26.7 gr
  • Fiber                 —————> 7.5 gr
  • Calcium             —————> 98.0 mg
  • Phosphorus       —————> 542 mg
  • Iron                    —————> 10.0 mg
  • Thiamine            —————> 0.46 mg
  • Riboflavin           —————> 0.52 mg
  • Niacin                 —————> 2.0 mg


What benefits does Altramuz have?

What’s the use and what’s good the altramuz or tarwi?. There are many people who ask these questions, but you should know that this legume offers you a series of benefits, I will mention the 10 main benefits of lupinus mutabilis.

El Altramuz is a food for diabetics

The tarwi has the property of regulating the content of sugar in the blood, this is because it has a minimum amount of carbohydrates than other legumes or vegetable stew, being a good option for people suffering from diabetes. It can be consumed pre-cooked and consumed by people suffering from diabetes.

The recommended dose or ration of the legume is 30 grams per day, not exceed its consumption would cause health problems.

The Tarwi fights stress

This is because it has tryptophan, it is a substance that produces a sensation of well-being, tranquilizer and optimism, helping to suppress the effects of stress.

The Altramuz good for teeth and bones

Because of its high calcium content the lupine is an excellent supplement to keep our bones and teeth strong and healthy, also it is an alternative for people who are lactose intolerant.

The Tarwi fights us constipation

Thanks to the fiber that the Andean Lupine i has, it helps us to eliminate constipation problems to expel all the fecal waste, cleaning the digestive system.

The Tarwi or Choco for overweight people

Of course, the Tarwi helps you clean the excess fat you consume daily, which is favorable for all people suffering from obesity, helping to lose weight, and if we add an exercise routine the effects are faster and notorious.

El Altramuz a legume that helps lose weight to people who are overweight, it is also recommended by doctors and health centers.

El Tarwi is a natural laxative

The lupine can be used as a natural purgative to clean the digestive system, it is recommended to liquefy the seeds and take them as a drink, which will help to expel waste from our body.

Altramuz or Tarwi recommended for vegetarians and vegans

The consumption of protein and iron for the body is vital for the nutritional balance, but since Tarwi is a legume that has 40% protein and 10 mg of iron, people can consume it to receive these nutrients, which usually offers the consumption of meat. becoming an ideal meat supplement for children and pregnant mothers.

The Tarwi is a food for people suffering from kidney problems

It is a food for people who suffer from this disease, people who get tired suddenly, suffer permanent fatigue on the soles of their feet, complain pain and cramping at the waist level, the consumption of this food will eliminate all these symptoms that

The Andean Lupine is a recommended food for athletes

Before performing any physical activity, consume the horn without shell, because it has a slow absorption, which helps increase the resistance of athletes for glycogenesis, also maintains the energy level throughout the exercise routine.

Beneficios Tarwi o altramuz Benefits (1) (1)

Recommended Dosage and Contraindications of Altramuz

The consumption of Andean Lupine should be supervised and moderate, there is no official dose or ration per person per day, but some doctors or health centers recommend consuming between 3 to 4 times a week, in such a way that you can take advantage of all their nutrients and benefits that another this medicinal tuber.

It is also recommended for children who are in stages of growth, pregnant and lactating women, because of its high calcium content, and for diabetics because of its low carbohydrate content and great alternative for vegetarians or vegans. There is no known contraindication or negative side effect of Altramuz, it is not advisable to consume excess to people suffering from diabetes.

Questions about Altramuz

How many calories does the Tarwi have?

It is an Andean legume with great nutritional properties, it does not have a lot of calories, it has high levels of proteins and a great source of energy, this Andean tuber has 119 calories per 100 grams.

Does the Tarwi fatten?

It does not make you fat, since beans or vegetables also do not usually fatten this type of food offer you vitamins and proteins, in the case of Tarwi offers you large amounts of protein, so do not worry that you will not gain weight in eating this protein legume.

Images of the Tarwi or altramuz

Recipes with Tarwi or Altramuz

The Andean Lupine is one of the most demanded Andean legumes in the food industry this is due to its nutritional properties and benefits, you can find recipes for food and dishes made with Tarwi or Altramuz to lead a healthier and more nutritious life and diet balanced

And if you ask yourself, how can I consume Tarwi? Well here you will learn how to prepare, make or cook the Altramuz with these fabulous and nutritious recipes. You can enter by clicking on the images of the recipe you want to learn to cook or you can enter Recipes with Altramuz or Tarwi.

If you can’t go to the recipes by clicking on the images, don’t worry, we leave you the links (Recipes in Spanish):
Tarwi Solterito
Tarwi Ceviche

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